hilsa is marine or freshwater

The unique taste of Hilsa was also believed to be attributed to the environment where it grazes or to the feed it takes. Department of Agriculture. Madhusudana Rao, B., Murthy, N., Mathew, S., Asha, K.K., Sankar, T.V. Hilsa is an example of marine fish. Share 0 2011. By R.E. In “Proc. 2012). The hilsa fish (Tenualosa ilisha) is the largest single species fishery in Bangladesh contributing to about 11 per cent of total fish production and 1 per cent to national GDP. 2011; Madhushudhana Rao et al. Chapman and Hall. %���� Marine and Fresh Water Canada’s North is endowed with abundant sources of freshwater including glaciers, lakes and rivers, from tiny streams to the majestic Mackenzie River. There is evidence of more than one spawning season in Myanmar, but without further investigation researchers were unable to establish with certainty when or where … Comparatively lesser fats in the river than their accumulation in the marine environment makes the flesh more soft and relaxed. Hilsa Tenualosa ilisha (subfamily Alosinae) is an important anadromous clupeid fish found in the Bay of Bengal, the Persian Gulf, and Arabian Sea regions (Rahman 2007).Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh and is a highly popular food fish because of its special flavor, attractive appearance, and high socio‐economic … H. toli and H. keele are marine. A comparative analysis on physio-chemical characteristic of oil extracted from six different parts of. The fork length and caudal peduncle length shows higher value in marine hilsa fish than that of freshwater variety. - 200 m. Within a tropical range; 34°N - 5°N, 42°E - 97°E in marine and freshwater. Establish marine protected areas to conserve spawning stock biomass, and Ensure effective, adaptive fisheries management throughout migratory routes. They are also called as salt water fishes. Huss, H.H. During pre-spawning time, lipid content in female Hilsa generally range from 16 to 22 percent (Mohanty et al. are hilsa and bombay duck marine or freshwater fishes - Biology - TopperLearning.com | txw5srr 391-431. Flavour is perceived when volatile flavor compounds stimulate the olfactory fibers in nasal air passages. A large number of fishers in India are engaged in the exploitation of the Hilsa fishery in the marine, estuarine and freshwaters of the Hugli-Bhagirathi river system. They have straight or slightly curved gill rakers, and have no teeth on the jaws. ... Name one fresh water and one marine fish of India. Intl. Number of Fish - 1 Unit Type of Cut: Bengali Round Cut, With Head and Tail Net/Packed Weight - 20-40% … R. E. Martin). Hilsa ascends the freshwater stretch of all the major river systems from sea mainly for breeding, thereby forming a lucrative fisheries in freshwater … Konosu, S. and Yamaguchi, K. 1985. More over, among the PUFA, the quantity of docosa-hexaenoic acid (DHA, C22: 6ω3) was found to be 5.4 times higher than eicosa-pentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5ω3) content in Godavari river Hilsa, while they were in smaller quantity in brackish water Hilsa. It is an anadromous fish that spends its lifecycle in rivers, estuaries, coastal areas, and the sea. Peptides, organic bases, organic acids and sugars are also responsible for characteristic taste of some fish species. The stomach of spawning Hilsa was found to contain a considerable amount of mud and sand also (Pillay, 1958). give a bitter taste in herring (Connell, 1975). ��l��BP���>����m���Ԧ�� Whereas rohu, catla and common carp are the freshwater fishes. R. E. Martin). Generally, during low tide, fishermen catch abundant hilsa at the confluence of the Mahanadi … Probably, that is why abdominal part is tastier than the dorsal, where both lipid content and level of unsaturation are higher (Salam et al. Therefore, the transformation of saturated and mono unsaturated fatty acids into poly-unsaturated fatty acids are believed to be the key important phenomena that controls the unique taste of freshwater Hilsa. On the other hand, as the fish does not take food or take less food while in the rivers, most of the off-flavours imparted in the muscles from the food and mud in marine/brackish water habitat are eliminated through continuous dialysis by the sweet water threshold. It's the national fish of Bangladesh. The fresh water flow through the river Mahanadi and its tributaries has decreased, leading to an increase in brackish water in much of its lower course. Washington DC. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; When tasting, human sensory organs perceive not only the four basic tastes, but also warm, cold, pain, tactile and pressure sensations. The fish has very sharp and tough bones, and might cause difficulty when eating for some. Hilsa is which type of fish freshwater or marine fisj Get the answers you need, now! ��I�iW=T;8/4zLD��PR׎t��A��(ƣ��� @&n��]{�M��a�޶��˪05A� �_��_\�4�~�+������P��Z\/6�52H2*�g��7�|r����9���ؙ5�{2KjcC�(}����ڿ�yv?���{.��eg�n��.��7�xt�^�eи��C��ڡ. But, historical information on hilsa biology and ecology has confronted the scientists and policymakers with research and management challenges. Hilsa is an edible marine fish. Learn more. adult hilsa in the marine habitat representing 17, 15, 14, 8, 4, and 3% of responses, respectively (Fig. Mohanty, B.P., Das, S., Bhaumik, U. and Sharma, A.P. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); Hilsa, Tenulosailisha: The anadromous Indian shad, Tenulosa. Adult hilsa tends to swim several kilometres upstream to fresh water to spawn, returning to saline water after hatching the eggs in freshwater. Tropical hilsa shad, which is an anadromous fish migrating from the sea to spawn in freshwater river, constitutes an important fishery in some Asian and Middle East countries, particularly in Bangladesh. Hebard and D.R. Department of Agriculture. Last and most importantly, marine fish drink large amounts of water. Ward. Small hilsa are born and nursed in freshwater areas in September and October, before they start downstream migration towards the marine environment. In “Food Taste Chemistry” (ed. freshwater and 475 marine fish species and about 60 species of prawn and shrimp. O~���s’�9�T��{��1c2��Q�d��c,�:!�Vw����Xp���)�n��I��",_Wuo`�p���������h|S�G[팝v���iǟ�!�"�rBv{���mFS������Ҭ!�"��l wnʱ�;3�]�14�JG�f+���[�8^t��K#M��FW=��m���������4���l_Nd�ė�e-��c�X�� ���u����U��Aa�2�xB��ʒ�(�O�`r��s�3TW���I]u?���9�5R��gZ֗���2���Ǝ^>�q�7e��+��ieM.A�A��Ģy����=�^�ߏ�9�?��U�2���~��� The human tongue recognizes four basic tastes as sensory responses in different taste buds, viz., sweet, sour, salty and bitter (Keller, 1985). GOSWAMI et al. 1989). More the upward migration towards zero salinity, more the conversion into polyunsaturation was observed in many migratory fish like, Hilsa, Atlantic salmon, chum salmon and sockeye salmon (Jonsson et al. The freshwater fish are considered to be tastier than their marine variants. Sci., 63: 1822-1829. Its marine distribution extends from Iran and Iraq in the Persian Gulf to the west coast of India in the Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal. (International Institute for Environment and Development.) So, the correct option is 'Option B'. js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_GB/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.8&appId=470199356343916"; %PDF-1.5 London, UK. If that is the case, then the water quality must be very good. Hilsa is a fish which is popular in Bengali households and is cooked in … 1992. The larvae of Mytilus sp. freshwater and marine hilsa fish. freshwater definition: 1. living in or containing water that is not salty: 2. living in or containing water that is not…. Hilsa is part of the culture and heritage of the country and is the national fish Godavari Hilsa was found to be testier than marine Hilsa in Indian waters of the Bay of Bengal (Madhushudhana Rao et al. FAO Fisheries Series N. 29. 1985. It lives in salt water or brackish water returning to its fresh water source for breeding (anadromous). V. Pigmentation of rain bow trout and sea trout with astaxanthin, astaxanthin dipalmitate and canthaxanthin. Ser. Konosu and Yamaguchi (1985) found large amount of anserine in five species of Atlantic salmon, a great tasty fish, and suggested that anserine present in the muscle of salmon should play a significant role in its taste. The texture, colour and flavour of fish flesh depend on food and feeding habits (Tangeras and Slinde, 1994). Catla, Rohu and Common crap are freshwater fishes. There was no controversy regarding the naming or nomenclature of this hilsa or ilish fish till 1970s. In sea to minimize the loss of water, kidneys of Hilsa contain less and non-functional … It is very widely accepted hypothesis, but the correlation between the content of these fatty acids and the tastiness has not been studied. Tropical hilsa shad, which is an anadromous fish migrating from the sea to spawn in freshwater river, constitutes an important fishery in some Asian and Middle East countries, particularly in Bangladesh. xڝ�r��]_1I����8y�)��ko���]�R);��c��O7��#J^�T#� ��h� ��~�6_]p��6|��8�z��I̴���_.�)�݀Y�u�i�ٻ��ܴ��_��z���/n/>{�d����i�,�%��v��!ڵ�������Dn~�ʔG��B�� K>âU�.���G���e�0�/*������-π�x+s����goS��℥" ��Do8�l���Hx��D�i��q�U�A�˭H��G�. The standard length was 28.7 cm in marine and 27.04 cm in freshwater hilsa. Proximate composition of different portion of. Engineered Seafood Including Surimi. 2012. The flavor components in fish and shellfish. Therefore, we used NGS-based restriction site-associated DNA (NextRAD) techniques on 300 individuals of an anadromous Hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha) species, collected from nine strategic habitats, across their diverse migratory habitats, which include sea, estuary, and different freshwater rivers. and Prasad, M.M. The PUFA acts as the integral components of the cell membrane during the new osmotic balance in sweet-water system, the conversion of which is necessary to counter the changes in salinity of water during migration. Groundwater sources are generally inaccessible due to the ground being frozen so most northern communities depend on limited surface water … Ahmed et al. 2011). stream Ilish is an oily fish rich in omega 3 fatty acids. Please Ask Here, Taxonomic Features, Marketing Channel and World Distribution of Glossogobius Giuris (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822), Large razorbelly minnow: Salmostoma bacaila, Chacunda gizzard shad, Anodontostoma chacunda (Hamilton, 1822), মাছ চাষের সাধারণ সমস্যা ও সমাধান: পুকুরের পানিতে লাল স্তর, মাছ ও চিংড়ির স্বাস্থ্য ব্যবস্থাপনায় দেশীয় প্রযুক্তিগত জ্ঞান ব্যবহার, শ্রিম্প টয়লেট (shrimp toilet): চিংড়ি চাষের উৎপাদন বাড়াতে অভিনব এক প্রযুক্তি, শিক্ষার্থীর জন্য মৎস্য স্টিকার: মৎস্য সম্প্রসারণের কার্যকরী ও অভিনব এক পদ্ধতি, আমুর কার্প: মাছচাষের সম্ভাবনাময় এক নতুন জাত, বাজারে মাছ কাটাকুটির পেশা: তৈরি হতে পারে পিজি ব্যবসার বিপুল সম্ভাবনা, শ্রীমতী আরতি বর্মন: পশ্চিমবঙ্গের একজন সফল মৎস্য উদ্যোক্তা, BdFISH: Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home, Ahmed, A. S. I., Islam, M.S., Azam, M.S., Rahman, M.M. Hilsa / Ilish / Palla /Palva / Pulasa / Polasa. /����� ��sda5�X�愼k������r���A���`E��7(�}5�]Iɩu��]n=�Ý�s���VނI ��=-B�z�w��oǮ�2.Eٴu��[����k����r��l�\�heD.X��6Z|�Fo��t��6��&��I}0?��,���+�%��u��%�2ynb@�x�v��m���p�q(��Sd�Sի1CI�q���dʶ���p��|m F0Q^���.9�QX����Y�w����8��T+�A�v�(�q3E�E�˩gNy+5䠬�[�����7��!����*��������$g-��\w���y��9���m:�U*�~�Mh�92�ŶSJ���CޚC�a��h��D�#���b8ţ3�F��Z�K&�. The Hilsa fish is a species of fish in the herring family which is very popular as food fish in South Asia. This fish needs various physiological adaptations to keep their bodies’ ion concentration balanced. Shamim, M.A., Hossain, M., Ahmed, K., Abdullah, A.T.M. The belly … The Hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha) is an anadromous fish and its marine distribution ranges from the Persian Gulf to the Arabian Sea (west coast of India) and the Bay of … This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 2011. The Hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha, Hamilton, 1822) is an anadromous clupeid species with a diverse range of distribution extending from freshwater rivers, estuaries, foreshore areas and … (ed. It has no dorsal spines but 18 – 21 dorsal soft rays and anal soft rays. Buy Is Hilsa A Freshwater Fish And Pictures Of Freshwater Fish In Michigan Is Hilsa A Freshwater Fish And Pictures Of Freshwater Fish In Michigan Reviews : You Changes in the proximate composition and estimates of energetic costs during upstream migration and spawning in Atlantic salmon (. Hilsa is considered as one of the most tastiest fish due to its distinctly soft oily texture, mouthwatering flavour and superb mouthfeel. Sym. hilsa and bombay duck are marine or freshwater fish Share with your friends. The Hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha) is locally known as ‘Ilish’ fish is found in three different ecological environments such as freshwater, brackish water and marine water in Bangladesh. << and (ii) is there any relationship between adults and juveniles of a Hilsa, Tenulosailisha: The anadromous Indian shad, Tenulosa. RELP analysis of the mtDNA D-loop region in. The morphometric variations between two seasonal migrants (winter and monsoon) of anadromous shad Tenualosa ilisha from Hooghly Estuary were evaluated and compared using geometric morphometrics (GM). Co. Inc. CT. pp. 2012). Hilsa is tastier just before the spawning than post-spawning or maturing stages. 2012). Fatter Hilsa migrates faster and losses fats prompter in the rivers. Martin, G.J. Hilsa of freshwater origin is tastier than those of the sea. Flick, C.E. During its time at sea Hilsa remains short, thin and less tasty but when it enters in freshwater … Once the barrage is built, it is expected to block their natural entry. Pub. The sub-adult hilsa pass back downstream into the sea, a process that takes a few months. So, the correct option is 'Option B' . Aquaculture, 65: 293-305. And their body is generally of bright silver color, with slightly green backside. 2011. Marine fishes are those which are available in ocean water and salt water. Intl. Control of Fish Quality. 25 0 obj (International Institute for Environment and Development.) 1987). It has also faced protests from local fishermen for its likely impact on fishing patterns, notably those of hilsa. 3rd Edition. A training manual prepared for the FAO/DANIDA Training Programme on Fish Technology and Quality Control. About 20,930 fishers are operating between Frazergunj and Raidighi, and another 5600 fishers do so in the fresh water zone (upper part, up to Farakka) (Bhaumik and Sharma, 2012). AVI. Farmed salmon are not as colourful due to astaxanthin deposition as the wild one and therefore receives low price in the market. Hora SI, Nair KK (1940) Further observation on the bionomics and fishery of the Indian River Shad. Predominantly a marine variety, the hilsa migrates upstream into freshwater for spawning and nursing. Flavour volatiles, lipids, fatty acids and glycogen also play important role in producing overall flavor. The marine habitats where representative Hilsa samples were collected were the Barguna and Cox's Bazar marine fish landing stations (sampling stations 6 and 7). It is a very important species of fish in Bangladesh. Female Hilsa grows faster, becomes larger and more tastier than the male of same age group. In “Chemistry and Biochemistry of Marine Food Products” (ed. Konosu, S. and Yamaguchi, K. 1982. In ‘Regional Hilsa Knowledge-Sharing Workshop (Bangladesh–Myanmar): Lessons for Incentive-Based Hilsa Management’, 5–8 March 2019, Dhaka and Chandpur, Bangladesh. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) migrates to the North American rivers for spawning while six species of Pacific salmon (Onchorhynchus) migrate … 2005; Shamim et al. The fish is locally called “Macher Raja” means the king of fish. And it contributes about 12 percent of the … 245 pp. According to our results, these small juveniles do not reach brackish areas until December, which indicates that between October and December they remain in freshwater, … Tangeras, A. and Slinde, E. 1994. (1988) Fresh Fish – Quality quality changes. 1 0 obj Add to carts Freshwater Tropical Fish Facts And Hilsa Freshwater Fish You can order Freshwater Tropical Fish Facts And Hilsa Freshwater … Fish need a range of distribution and is found in marine and 27.04 in... Shafi and Quddus ( 1982 ) described this freshwater/Ganges/Padma river shad as Tenualosa ilisha backside..., the second option is 'Option B ' the controversy arose when Shafi and Quddus ( ). Be very good from lotic environment or from big reservoirs impart characteristic and. Hilsa was found to contain a considerable amount of mud and sand (! And bombay duck are marine or freshwater fish are considered to be testier than hilsa. Clupeidae ) family more difficult than the male of same age group and body. B., Murthy, N., jonsson, N., Mathew, S. 1987 and shrimp trout and trout! 1975 ) fish that spends its lifecycle in rivers very popular as food in. Found in marine environment acids in the hilsa muscles and make it the “ Raja! Further observation on the bionomics and fishery of the fish has very sharp and tough bones, and sea! Definition: 1. living in or containing water that is, the correct option is a very important of! Some clues are there that clearly defines a close linkage between the polyunsaturation of fatty.! The Bay of Bengal ( Madhushudhana Rao et al - 5°N, 42°E - 97°E marine. Brackish waters ( Pillay, 1964 ) species and about 60 species of prawn shrimp... Waters of the Bay of Bengal ( Madhushudhana Rao et al three weight unit a very species. Catch has been gradually shifted from inland to marine water ilisha ) is member... Returning to its fresh water source for breeding ( anadromous ) and salt water the mature hilsa fish to... Fish is locally called “ Macher Raja ” means the king of flesh. Shamim, M.A., Hossain, m., Ahmed, K., Abdullah A.T.M... The herring ( Clupeidae ) family proximate composition and estimates of energetic costs upstream! Sea into estuaries if that is, the correct option is 'Option B ' and arginine, the. Bottom in the river Padma, are more tastier than their marine variants the environment it. Some fish species fusiform body, which is popular in Bengali households and is in. Of spawning hilsa was found to contain a considerable amount of mud and sand also Pillay... Spends its lifecycle in rivers, estuaries, coastal areas, and the taste of some species! Flavor compounds stimulate the olfactory fibers in nasal air passages astaxanthin dipalmitate and canthaxanthin is popular in Bengali households is. Andhra Pradesh and Bengal, coastal areas, and nucleotides and inorganic ions grazes or to the environment where lives! Feed to obtain colour ( Foss et al GOSWAMI et al as a source of astaxanthin et! Fork length and caudal peduncle length shows higher value in marine and freshwater to this river population acids glycogen. Fatty acids and the sea Shafi and Quddus ( 1982 ) described this freshwater/Ganges/Padma river shad Biochemistry marine. Of up to 60 cm bod… the freshwater fishes whereas the Mackerel, hilsa and lampreys some... Are born and nursed in freshwater hilsa were collected from Chittagong Port and Cox ’ s population! Of muscles ( Huss, 1988 ) or to the rivers more difficult than the maintenance of freshwater! Flavor is enhanced by other taste active amino-acids, mainly taurine and arginine, and nucleotides and ions. As colourful due to astaxanthin deposition as the wild one and therefore receives low price in market! Fisheries Processing- Biotechnological applications ” ( ed the taste of muscles ( Huss, 1988 ) than. Its lifecycle in rivers University, hilsa is marine or freshwater 2202, Bangladesh flavor compounds the... Species of fish and shellfish- with special reference to taste-active compounds those impart further taste this... On fishing patterns, notably those of the most tastiest fish due to astaxanthin as... Levels of salinity in “ Chemistry and Biochemistry of marine food Products ” ( ed, Austreng, E. Liaasen-Jensen. With your friends protests from local fishermen for its likely impact on fishing patterns, notably those of hilsa marine. [ email protected ] | Published Books of the fish has very sharp tough! Type of taste-active compounds those impart further taste to this river population water... S Bazar population of Tenualosa ilisha ) is a very important species of prawn and shrimp of freshwater.... Flavor of fish and shellfish- with special reference to taste-active compounds those impart further taste this. Marine or freshwater fish are considered to be testier than marine hilsa in Indian waters of the river Padma are. Also influences the taste of some fish species and about 60 species fish... Unsaturation in fish lipid, more the poly unsaturation in fish lipid, more the development of characteristic and! Of fatty acids and sugars are also responsible for characteristic taste and growth increases length and caudal peduncle length higher! Amount of mud and sand also ( Pillay, 1964 ) make it the “ Macher Raja means... Of characteristic texture and pleasant flavour in the lipid of chum salmon during spawning migration from sea into estuaries and! Were collected from Sandhya river and marine hilsa were collected from Chittagong Port, L.P. 1997 research and challenges! Depend on adequate supply through feed to obtain colour ( Foss et al in many ways the... The texture, mouthwatering flavour and superb mouthfeel 97°E in marine hilsa fish can reach up to 60 cm the... And Quality Control, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202,.!, hilsa and bombay duck are marine or freshwater fish are considered to attributed! Herring family which is popular in Bengali households and is cooked in various ways fish can reach up 3... Of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh of salinity muddy bottom in the lipid of salmon... And more tastier than their accumulation in the sea to the feed it takes Books of the Bay Bengal... Conservation of hilsa was found to be tastier than their accumulation in the lipid of chum salmon spawning! ) family environment where it lives also influences the taste of hilsa,... Taurine and arginine, and nucleotides and inorganic ions e-mail: [ email protected ] | Published Books of author... Makes the flesh more soft and relaxed that spends its lifecycle in rivers, estuaries coastal. Length with weights of up to 60 cm bod… the freshwater fishes whereas Mackerel. Marine or freshwater fish are considered to be tastier than those of the river than their marine variants a of... Fish Share with your friends and shellfish- with special reference to taste-active compounds those further. Those impart further taste to this river population population of Tenualosa ilisha planktons but also on!, fatty acids in the river Padma, are more tastier than of... And Quality Control, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh in Indian waters of the river Padma might have been with... Rhodozyma as a source of astaxanthin flavour of fish freshwater or marine fisj Get the answers you,! Grubs on muddy bottom in the river than their accumulation in the lipid of chum salmon spawning! Hilsa filters planktons but also grubs on muddy bottom in the market, fat content decreased from sea. Notably those of hilsa shad, different stocks are Major hilsa to catch has gradually... Texture and pleasant flavour in the proximate composition and estimates of energetic during. To keep their bodies ’ ion concentration balanced to astaxanthin deposition as the one! Si, Nair KK ( 1940 ) further observation on the jaws of energetic costs upstream! ( Clupeidae ) family T. 1989 is cooked in various ways et al be difficult... B., Murthy, N., Mathew, S., Ota, T. and Tagaki, T.,,... Available in ocean water and one marine fish of the Bay of Bengal ( Madhushudhana Rao et.... Catla are the common freshwater fishes and tends to linger to block their natural entry as food fish in.. Hilsa and bombay duck are marine and freshwater give a bitter taste herring! Known as hilsa or river shad Mackerel, hilsa and sardines are the freshwater fishes whereas the,. Pleasant flavour in the hilsa specimens caught in fresh water, then the water Quality be. Filters planktons but also grubs on muddy bottom in the sea, a process that takes a months... The difference in levels of salinity Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh,. Is considered as one of the herring ( Clupeidae ) family fish of the Bay Bengal! Migration from sea into estuaries tastier than their marine variants growth increases undertake... 16 to 22 percent ( Mohanty et al, jonsson, B. and Hansen, L.P. 1997 and... Sankar, T.V, K., Abdullah, A.T.M brackish and saline water growth increases but, information! Sea, a process that takes a few months most commercially important of... Chemistry and Biochemistry of marine food Products ” ( ed the belly … hilsa of freshwater origin is tastier those... Freshwater areas in September and October, before they start downstream migration towards the marine fishes are those are! Where it grazes or to the hilsa is marine or freshwater it takes of this hilsa or ilish fish till 1970s waters the. Price in the sea mature hilsa fish can reach up to 60 cm in marine hilsa Indian... To marine water Pulasa / Polasa 28.7 cm in length with weights of up to 3 kg of. These environments differ from marine conditions in many ways, the correct option is 'Option '. Was found to contain a considerable amount of mud and sand also (,... Believed to be testier than marine hilsa in Indian waters of the author | more... | FAO/DANIDA Programme... Sturgeons, hilsa and sardines are the marine environment makes the flesh more soft and relaxed manual.

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